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Midlands Green Hydrogen: Climate Emergency - Action Expo

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WELCOME

Welcome to Hydrogen United in 2023

This year we need to educate citizens, reduce the climate emergency, clean city air for better health and improve our environment. Visitors are essential to promote and use green Hydrogen in all walks of life

Home, car, bus, train, work, electricity, heat and more

Start Communicating

We see 2023 as a turning point for Green Hydrogen in Birmingham and UK.  New hydrogen buses are being procured and new refuelling stations are being designed. Better planning is essential.

Use our Tech Forum today to start discussing ideas and meeting fellow members with similar interests. Sign up and begin your journey today.

THIS YEAR WE NEED TO:

  1. Get the hydrogen message out

  2. Bring new hydrogen vehicles in

  3. Set up new filling stations in UK

  4.  Link with Government people

  5. Focus on West Midlands as centre

The picture is of the ITM-Power hydrogen station at Rotherham.  Electricity is generated by the wind turbine, used to electrolyse water, producing green hydrogen that is compressed and stored in cylinders ready for filling my Mirai car. This elegant, but small, system needs to be multiplied 100 times across the UK to make economic green hydrogen available to all drivers.  Only by detaching hydrogen from the National Grid, which is a monstrous monolithic monopoly making money, can progress be made to bring hydrogen to all citizens.

 

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Sphere on Spiral Stairs

NEW BUSES COMING TO BIRMINGHAM

National Express West Midlands invests record £150 million in 300 UK-made electric zero emission buses

We are investing £150 million in 300 UK-made electric zero emission buses, for delivery by the end of December 2024. The buses will be deployed across the West Midlands.

This investment is part of us delivering on our commitment to have a completely zero emission bus fleet in the UK by 2030. Thanks to the original Government investment that kick started the transition to Zero Emission Buses (ZEB), we are now in a position to acquire these buses. 

This will mean that over a third of our fleet will be zero emissions  - which is the highest proportion of any city region in the country. Each zero emission vehicle saves an average of 66 tonnes of carbon annually*, so this investment will save a total of nearly 20,000 tonnes from going out into the atmosphere every year.

 

Tom Stables, CEO National Express UK & Germany, said: “This huge green investment shows we are now at the tipping point of electric buses. The initial Government support has got the industry going and we are proud to be a major contributor to the green economy in the West Midlands. 

“Replacing our diesel buses with electric means we are on track to meet net zero in a way that is good for business and good for communities. These clean, green UK double decker buses are popular with customers and as a result are not only more economical to run but they will boost passenger growth and revenue by getting more people to ditch their cars for the bus; and of course they do their bit to help tackle the climate & clean air emergency.”

The UK-built zero emission buses will turbocharge the national economy through investment in supply chains, skills, training and jobs. 

Transport Minister Richard Holden, said: “Reliable, clean and efficient bus services at a good price are what everyone wants to see from our bus network and I am determined to do everything possible to decarbonise our transport network and support skilled jobs in next generation bus manufacturing across the UK.

“We’ve already invested hundreds of millions of pounds to kick-start the rollout of zero emission buses nationwide, and it’s great to see National Express introduce hundreds of electric buses here – helping UK manufacturing and driving down emissions and improving bus services for people across the West Midlands.”

Investment in green and clean transport is a key part of plans to achieve the West Midlands 2041 target for a zero-carbon region. 

 

Andy Street, Mayor of the West Midlands, said: “Local people will now be able to benefit from these wonderful buses here in the Midlands - offering them a quieter, smoother and more comfortable journey.

“As we seek to tackle the climate emergency and maintain our #WM2041 net zero commitment, these British made buses are exactly what we need - saving energy, improving air quality and cutting fuel costs for operators. I cannot wait to see even more electric buses arriving in our region in the months and years ahead.”

Additional investment will be made in infrastructure for charging and maintenance of the fleet across our network of depots. The electricity to power the electric vehicles will be 100% renewable and zero carbon. Transport for West Midlands

The Hydrogen Fuel Cell Battery: Replacing the Combustion Engine in Heavy Vehicles

Kevin Kendall a,, Siyu Ye b,c,Zhixiang Liu d,e

a Adelan Ltd., Birmingham, B17 9HD, UK

b Huangpu Hydrogen Energy Innovation Center, School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou 510006, China

c SinoHyKey Technology Company Ltd., Guangzhou 510760, China

d Yunfu Center of Advanced Energy Science and Technology Guangdong Laboratory, Yunfu 527326, China

e Guangdong Sino-Synergy Hydrogen Energy Technology, Yunfu 527326, China

 

Controlled combustion is perhaps the oldest human invention, providing food, warmth, protection, and power over millennia. In the last century, for example, it has enabled the United Kingdom to cut its agricultural labor force to near 1% of the population, replacing the horse and muscle power that dominated the 19th and earlier centuries [1]. Nevertheless, like all great inventions, akin to the plastics that have now clogged the globe, the overwhelming success of the combustion engine has brought riches to many countries while being accompanied by disasters such as climate change and air pollution [2].

The 1997 global transition from internal combustion vehicles to hybrids with a small battery and electric motor [3] had a significant effect on pollution. However, the European aim to achieve fully electric transportation in this century has led to new targets to replace diesel and gasoline vehicles [4]. In 2009, several different electric models—both battery and hydrogen—were tested and shown to be practical replacements for combustion cars, albeit expensive at low production rates; this was a turning point in the United Kingdom. By 2021, the United Kingdom had achieved 1% penetration of battery electric vehicles (BEVs; Fig. 1 [5]) on United Kingdom roads, and this is now doubling almost every year [56]. Nevertheless, the larger batteries now in use (e.g., 100 kW·h) cannot be easily charged overnight at a residential home, and many families lack the home infrastructure anyway.

As BEVs were being developed in the 1990s, the hydrogen fuel cell bus was created by Ballard in Vancouver, BC, Canada [67]. Since then, the hydrogen fuel cell bus has been fitted with a large battery to aid in acceleration and braking, and is now called the hydrogen fuel cell battery electric vehicle (HFCBEV). Fig. 1 [5] compares the HFCBEV with the pure BEV design. Progress on the novel HFCBEV concept is several years behind that on the BEV, but the advantages of the HFCBEV for heavy, highly utilized vehicles are now becoming clearer, with 30 000 HFCBEVs currently being demonstrated and tested around the world [78]. This paper critically compares the competitive progress and potential of BEVs and HFCBEVs.

Asia has shown the way forward by defining the technical space for HFCBEVs, the consumer products, and the organized political introduction of such electrical technologies, while Western countries have been delayed by giant fossil fuel and auto companies’ continued reliance on combustion engines [89]. Previous fuel cell predictions have been over-optimistic, including Ostwald’s 1894 prediction that the 20th century would be “the age of electrochemical combustion” [910]. Although the circumstances have changed significantly since then, we may make the same mistake with green hydrogen if we cannot fully understand our current opportunities. This paper proposes a more reasonable timescale for replacing combustion with HFCBEV technologies, especially for high-utilization taxis and heavy buses and trucks, in order to promote consensus in energy and transportation systems analysis.

In essence, the argument restated here is two centuries old—namely, that electrical devices will eventually take over from combustion engines, despite the following comparative advantages of combustion:

  • Fossil fuels for combustion applications have been available at low cost;

  • Impure fuels still burn in combustion engines, whereas purity is essential for electrochemical conversion;

  • The mass production of electrochemical devices cannot yet successfully compete with that of diesel and other combustion engines;

  • Electrical energy storage has been a long-term problem in terms of weight, cost, and recharging time.

The first fundamental advantage of electric vehicles is that the vehicle energy demand is reduced by half compared with that of combustion vehicles (based on the standard drive cycle) [105]. Second, renewable electricity is becoming increasingly available and can be used to electrolyze water to make stored green hydrogen for use in automobiles, which cuts carbon and other emissions to near zero and is getting cheaper every year.

The main conclusion from the standard drive-cycle test results shown in Fig. 1 [105] (which we recognize in vehicle advertising as liters per 100 km but has been expressed here in standard units of MJ·km−1) is that no net work has been done, because the car arrives back at its starting point at zero speed. This is not “efficiency,” as it is often described [11], because efficiency is the ratio of traction energy output divided by fuel energy input. Fig. 1  [5] describes energy dissipation per kilometer rather than energy efficiency, which has units of %.

 

Fig. 1. Results for the energy loss of 3800 types of combustion cars in China in 2010, showing that combustion cars have double the energy dissipation of HFCBEV vehicles powered by fuel cell/hydrogen [105].
 

 

Thus, dissipation mechanisms in automobiles are crucial. Most fascinating is the theoretical line shown in Fig. 1  [5], which was derived by combining different loss mechanisms in automobiles to obtain a linear Coulomb friction graph when the energy dissipated per kilometer is plotted against vehicle weight. In China, 3800 different models of gasoline cars were put through a standard drive-cycle test, and the lost energy (in MJ·km−1) was plotted against weight (in kN). Gasoline cars are powered by internal combustion engines; these energy losses (plotted on the upper line) are compared with those of novel HFCBEVs (on the lower line) in Fig. 1 [5]. The graph shows that the combustion vehicle is much more lossy than the HFCBEVs at equal weight. However, HFCBEVs are still not produced in the millions required in order to cut costs to combustion car levels.

Some vehicle losses are independent of weight, such as the window motor loss, while car tire friction is linear in weight. The theoretical curve was obtained by adding ten different loss functions, which surprisingly results in a straight Coulomb line. Weight is crucial; one of the main reasons for increasing fossil fuel expenditure is the rise of vehicle weight over the past 50 years, which has almost doubled fuel consumption [12]. Hence, the HFCBEV exhibits half the energy loss of a combustion-based car at an equivalent weight (Fig. 1 [5]), while improving by another factor of two by reducing the weight from 30 kN down to 8 kN. The energy losses of larger trucks and buses, which were also measured [13], fell on the same hydrogen battery electric curve, showing that heavy HFCBEVs are an improvement over combustion trucks and buses.

Elon Musk has claimed that the hydrogen vehicle is “mind-bogglingly stupid” compared with the lithium battery car [14]; however, his argument is incorrect, as both hydrogen and lithium devices share the known electrochemical advantages that reduce energy losses. At peak power, both devices produce roughly half electrical power and half heat from internal resistance losses. The results for typical BEVs fit almost on the same curve in Fig. 1 [5] as HFCBEVs, albeit with an advantage of a few percentage points. It can be concluded that HFCBEVs are similar to BEVs in the standard drive-cycle tests used in Fig. 1 [5], with both having about half the energy consumption per kilometer as compared with combustion vehicles. Still, Musk is right regarding the significant energy losses in manufacturing hydrogen, with about 20% of the energy being lost by electrolyzing water, and is right in that only green hydrogen makes sense. Nevertheless, it should be noted that a Tesla vehicle charged on UK grid electricity is only 50% green, on average.

In practice, the combined hydrogen fuel cell/lithium battery vehicle that was demonstrated in the United Kingdom in 2008 (Fig. 2) exhibits optimum performance at minimal cost. Other vehicles such as the Toyota Mirai used nickel-metal-hydride batteries at first but have now shifted to lithium, while supercapacitors can also be used to store the electrical energy. Integrating hydrogen fuel cells with batteries provides an unexpected yet beneficial solution to the problem of transitioning from combustion to electric vehicles: HFCBEVs have both longer range and faster refueling than BEVs and consequently are good for taxis, vans, trucks, and buses that run 18 h shifts over long distances such as 500 km.

 

Fig. 2. Past (blue) and projected future (red) growth of fossil hydrogen (solid line) and green hydrogen (dashed line); the former is predicted to be overtaken by the latter later this century. (Inset) Dr. Kendall opens the first UK green hydrogen station in 2008 with five HFCBEVs

However, batteries alone have been found to be ideal for mobile phones, laptop computers, and many other small applications. China has been the global leader in battery-powered bicycles since 1999, with the market increasing in 2009 due to restrictions on combustion bikes in several Chinese districts. At present, around 17 million battery-powered bikes are sold per year in China, and almost 300 million of such bicycles are in use across the country. Lead acid batteries have dominated the market because of their low cost and recyclability, but other battery types are now competing. This advance in battery scooters has been a precursor to China leading the global manufacture of BEVs and selling 2.9 million in 2021, which represents 11.1% of car sales in China. Still, Norway has by far the highest electric vehicle penetration, with 49% of annual vehicle sales being BEVs and predictions of 100% by 2025 [15]. The question is, why are batteries limited to small vehicles mainly used for about an hour per day?

Although battery performance has been improving, battery weight and charging time remain as key problems. Typically, a BEV can run continuously for 2–4 h but then requires lengthy recharging. At present, a BEV cannot compete with a diesel-powered vehicle, which can run for 18 h and takes only 5 min to refuel. This is where hydrogen can be advantageous: in highly utilized heavier vehicles. China now dominates hydrogen bus and truck manufacturing, with 655 HFCBEV buses from Foton operating at the February 2022 Beijing Winter Olympic Games, demanding 28 t·d−1 of pure hydrogen. In other cities, such as Foshan, there are1400 HFCBEV buses in operation. The total number of HFCBEVs in China is projected to be about 50 000–100 000 by 2025 and 80 000–1 million in 2030–2035 [16].

At present, the key problem in the transition to HFCBEVs is the carbon intensity of hydrogen fuel, as most hydrogen produced worldwide is made from fossil fuels. The solid line in Fig. 2 shows the dominant global “fossil hydrogen” production, which is mainly sourced from petrochemical plants, rising from 60 Tg·a−1 (1 Tg = 1012 g) in 2000 to 80 Tg·a−1 by 2022; this is subsequently predicted to peak as climate crisis control takes effect. The dashed line in Fig. 2 shows the novel green hydrogen production, which was said to have almost zero demand when the author opened the first UK green hydrogen station, fueling five HFCBEVs in 2008 (Fig. 2). The green hydrogen at that time was sourced from biomass and was rather costly; however, surplus wind power is now cheap and can be used to electrolyze water to make economical green fuel. Biomass, wastewater, and other sources of green hydrogen are also plausible. China plans to produce 100 000–200 000 t of green hydrogen from renewable energy annually and to build 1000 green hydrogen fueling stations by 2025 [17].

Across the world, countries and cities are striving to introduce electric transport, now mainly based on BEVs, with Oslo currently leading among the cities. The contrast between Asia and the West is stark: The United Kingdom manufactured 100 000 BEVs in 2021, in contrast to China’s 3 million, while the growth in BEV manufacturing was 30% for the United Kingdom [18] and 160% for China from 2020 to 2021. HFCBEVs lag far behind BEVs in terms of manufactured numbers but are being emphasized for heavy, highly utilized vehicles requiring a long range and short refueling times. The United Kingdom is currently ordering hundreds of hydrogen buses from WrightBus and Alexander Dennis for Birmingham and other cities and aims to replace the 32 000 diesel buses now in service by 2030. The production of HFCBEVs in China is predicted to rise by 55 times in 2025 compared with 2020 [19].

The global cities with the most HFCBEVs are Los Angeles, USA (13 000 vehicles); Susono City, Japan (6000); Foshan, China (6000); Seoul, the Republic of Korea (1000); and Hamburg, Germany (1000). An additional 30 000 US forklifts could also be included. China’s commitment to hydrogen fuel can be illustrated by the surge in installations of hydrogen refueling stations in China, which have increased from just one in the entire country in 2017 to 174 operational refueling stations in 2022. In comparison, the United Kingdom has only four operating at present. Government subsidies for these developments have been higher in China than in the West, which has caused some volatility in production rates, but has overall stimulated a more rapid transition from combustion to electric vehicles. The economic competition between green hydrogen and fossil fuels for vehicles is a continuing issue. As fossil fuel prices are rising, the production of hydrogen via wind-powered electrolysis is becoming more economical and should be cheaper than diesel fossil fuel in the United Kingdom by 2025.

In conclusion, HFCBEVs have lagged behind pure BEVs (i.e., BEVs) in terms of production numbers. Now, HFCBEVs are increasing in number due to the extra energy-storage requirement for heavy buses and trucks. A typical battery car requires around 50 kW·h of stored energy, which is equivalent to about 1 kg of hydrogen. A taxi requires 250 kW·h, making the lithium battery both too heavy and too expensive for such applications, whereas the Toyota 2021 Mirai can easily run for 500 km on 5 kg (215 kW·h) of hydrogen. A bus may need 30 kg of hydrogen—roughly 1300 kW·h—to travel 400 km, which is equivalent to a 7 t lithium battery; thus, a lithium battery would be far too heavy for application in an equivalent BEV bus.

Thus, the hydrogen fuel cell battery electric technology that was first demonstrated in the 1993 Ballard bus [67] now exhibits significant benefits over pure BEVs for heavy, highly utilized automobiles and is predicted to surge globally by 2030–2035. By that time, several million HFCBEV units are expected to be deployed worldwide, particularly in combination with green hydrogen from renewable electricity, which will decrease energy wastage and cut carbon emissions stemming from current fossil fuel vehicles [20]. The combustion problems of toxic emissions, carbon emissions, and energy dissipation may then be increasingly overcome within the 21st century, with substantial progress expected to be achieved by 2050 [21].

 

References

[1] Industrial agriculture and small-scale farming [Internet]. Berlin: Globalagriculture; [cited 2022 Jul 1]. Available from: https://www.globalagriculture.org/report-topics/industrial-agriculture-and-small-scale-farming.html.

[2] CO2 emissions from cars: facts and figures (infographics) [Internet].Strasbourg: European Parliament; [updated 2022 Jun 15; cited 2022 Jul 1]. Available from: https://www.europarl.europa.eu/news/en/headlines/society/20190313STO31218/co2-emissions-from-cars-facts-and-figures-infographics.

[3] The story behind the Birth of the Prius, part 1[Internet]. Toyota: Toyota Motor Corporation; 2017 Dec 11 [cited 2022 Jul 1].Available from: https://global.toyota/en/detail/20209700.

[4] King J. The King Review of low-carbon cars: part I: the potential for CO2 reduction. 2007 Nov 7.

[5] Staffell I, Kendall K. Lower carbon cars by reducing dissipation in hydrogen hybrids. Int J Low Carbon Technol 2012;7(1):10–15.

 

[6] Vehicle licensing statistics: 2021 [Internet].  London: GOV.UK; 2022 May 24 [cited 2022 Jul 1]. Available from: https://www.gov.uk/government/statistics/vehicle-licensing-statistics-2021/vehicle-licensing-statistics-2021.

[7] Our history—power to change the world [Internet]. Burnaby: Ballard Power Systems; [cited 2022 Jul 1]. Available from: https://www.ballard.com/about-ballard/our-history.

[8] Carlier M. Global hydrogen fuel cell road vehicles 2020, by type [Internet]. Hamburg: Statista; 2021 Apr 6 [cited 2022 Jul 1]. Available from: https://www.statista.com/statistics/1291480/hydrogen-fueled-road-vehicles-worldwide/.

[9] Kendall K, Kendall M, Liang B, Liu Z. Hydrogen vehicles in China: replacing the Western model. Int J Hydrog Energy 2017;42(51) 30179–85..

 [10] Staffell I, Kendall K. Lower carbon cars by reducing dissipation in hydrogen hybrids. Int J Low Carbon Technol 2012;7(1):10–15.

[11] Moss D. The efficient drivers handbook. Dorset: Veloce Publishing; 2010.

[12] Knittel CR. Automobiles on steroids. Am Econ Rev 2012; 101:3368.

[13] Liu Z, Kendall K, Yan X. China progress on renewable buses: fuel cells, hydrogen and battery hybrid vehicles. Energies 2018;12:54.

[14] D’Allegro J. Elon Musk says the tech is “mind-bogglingly stupid,” but hydrogen cars may yet threaten Tesla [Internet]. Englewood Cliffs: CNBC LLC; [updated 2019 Feb 24; cited 2022 Jul 1]. Available from: https://www.cnbc.com/2019/02/21/musk-calls-hydrogen-fuel-cells-stupid-but-tech-may-threaten-tesla.html.

[15] Carlier M. Electric vehicles in Norway—statistics & facts [Internet]. Hamburg:  Statista; 2022 Sep 15 [cited 2022 Jul 1]. Available from: https://www.statista.com/topics/7176/e-mobility-in-norway.

[16] Kendall M,  Kendall K, Lound APB. Hystory: the story of hydrogen. Adelan: 2021.

[17] Xu M, Patton D. China sets green hydrogen target for 2025, eyes widespread use [Internet]. London: Reuters; [cited 2022 Jul 1]. Available from: https://www.reuters.com/world/china/china-produce-100000-200000-t-green-hydrogen-annually-by-2025-2022-03-23.

[18] UK electric vehicle and battery production. Report. Didcot: The Faraday Institution; 2019 May.

[19] Hydrogen vehicles in China: will it overtake EVs? [Internet]. Shanghai: Daxue Consulting; 2022 Jul 11 [cited 2022 Jul 1]. Available from: https://daxueconsulting.com/hydrogen-vehicles-china

[20] The world will expand the use of hydrogen energy on a large scale [Internet]. Quebec: FuelCellsWorks; 2021 Mar 28 [cited 2022 Jul 1]. Available from: https://fuelcellsworks.com/subscribers/the-world-will-expand-the-use-of-hydrogen-energy-on-a-large-scale/.

[21]Kendall K. Green hydrogen in the UK: progress and prospects. Clean Technol 2022; 4(2):345–55.

EVENTS 2023

26 Jan 0930 Toyota Factory Derby DE1 9TA

HyDex meeting describing West Midlands activities, including the Toyota project on a new hydrogen Hilux truck below.

Because this is a heavy and highly utilised vehicle, battery electric propulsion is not as good as hydrogen-fuel-cell-battery-electric..  The hydrogenn cylinders can store sufficient energy for 1000 km of travel, far better than a battery alone.

 

HYDROGEN FUEL CELL CONFERENCE 

Tuesday 7th March 2023  08:30am – 18:00pm

(Including pre conference drinks reception

on the evening of Monday 6th March 17:00 – 19:00 )

The Hydrogen and Fuel Cell conference is the largest and longest running hydrogen gathering in the UK. Entering its 19th year, the conference this year is being delivered in partnership with Hydrogen UK, the UK’s leading hydrogen industry association. The conference will showcase the latest developments in hydrogen and fuel cell technologies and projects both in the UK but also internationally. Sessions will focus on production, distribution and end use of hydrogen as well as discussions on how regional and international collaboration can support the emerging hydrogen sector.

Having experienced significant growth in recent years, welcoming over 500 delegates in 2022, the conference is moving to a new venue which can better accommodate this rapidly growing event. The new home of the conference, National Motorcycle Museum, is a prestigious venue in the West Midlands that will enable us to support a larger exhibition space including more vehicle showcase space, a larger conference hall and better networking spaces.

Why partner with the Hydrogen and Fuel Cell conference

With the new partnership between the conference and Hydrogen UK, this year promises to be bigger and better than ever. With a projected attendance of over 700 delegates, conference partners will benefit from significant brand exposure to industry leaders across the UK and beyond. We have developed a range of partnership options. See Details of Sponsorship Options on the Sponsorship TAB below


SPEAKERS
Jeremy Smith Hydrogen Regulatory and Subsidy Manager – UK and Ireland   RWE
Darrell Jones  Director Northern Valve & Fitting Company Ltd
Jake Martin International Hydrogen Business Development Leader Haskell & Ingersoll Rand
Sean Crespin Head of Strategy and Marketing Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Business HORIBA  UK
Sonia Naoui Hydrogen Business Development Director Chesterfield Special Cylinders
Jonathan Brown Strategy Director Hypermotive
Harsh Pershad Head of Hydrogen Tevva Electric Trucks
Ben Todd CEO Ballard Motive Solutions
Robert Steinberger-Wilckens Professor , Chair Fuel Cell and Hydrogen Research University of Birmingham
Laura Finney Innovation Lead – Energy (Hydrogen) Innovate UK
Jon Hunt  Manager Alternative Fuels Toyota GB
Faye McAnulla  Programme Director HyDEX
Ben Richardson UK&I Lead Stationary Fuel Cells & Global Commercial/Technical Advisor BOSCH
Adam Cooper Business Development Manager Wood plc
Joanna Thurston Patent Attorney and Partner Withers & Rogers LLP
Mark Lewis Low Carbon Consultant Tees Valley Combined Authority
Phil McDermott City Energy Transformation Lead E.ON
Enrique Troncoso Co-founder/Technical Director Enercy
SSE - tbc
BOC - tbc
 

Coming Up Next in 2023

UK Government support for Toyota hydrogen Hilux development

Driven by an evolving customer demand and Toyota’s holistic approach to mobility across all sectors, Toyota has identified a new opportunity in the commercial vehicle market in terms of a zero-emissions product offering. In 2021, following the Government’s initiative to support the automotive industry and its drive towards net zero, Toyota was successful in its application for APC funding to support a project to develop a fuel cell powered Hilux. The consortium, led by Toyota Motor Manufacturing Ltd. (TMUK) will receive the funding enabling it to develop hydrogen technologies in this specific vehicle segment over the coming 3 years.

The funding will enable the consortium to work towards the development of a Toyota Hilux fuel cell powered vehicle. The consortium comprises of a number of UK engineering companies, namely Ricardo, ETL, D2H and Thatcham Research. In collaboration with these UK based engineering partners, the project’s aim is to adopt second generation Toyota fuel cell components for the transformation of a Hilux into a fuel cell electric vehicle. While TMUK is leading the project, a team from Toyota Motor Europe (TME) R&D will provide technical support to enable the UK-based teams to build the expertise and self-sufficiency for the development of next generation hydrogen drivetrain capabilities.

Toyota has been promoting a multi-path approach to reducing emissions for more than 20 years. This strategy encompasses all technologies from Hybrid Electric, Plug-In Hybrid Electric, Battery Electric through to Fuel Cell Electric. Hydrogen is seen as one of the key building blocks towards carbon neutrality, using fuel cell technology for mobility and in the wider economy beyond transport. As a hydrogen frontrunner, Toyota’s advanced fuel cell technology is already integrated into passenger cars, buses, trucks, trains, marine and stationary applications for a range of business customers and other OEMs. With this Hilux project the company is looking into another opportunity to contribute to the development of a hydrogen economy. The UK is a key market in Europe for Toyota in terms of pick-up trucks sales. By developing fuel cell Light Commercial Vehicles (LCV), Toyota aims to stimulate ecosystems where supply and demand can meet. LCVs are a key tool to establish a robust infrastructure thanks to their fleet volume which needs hydrogen availability, making a hydrogen refuelling network a viable solution.

“The opportunity that this funding enables is significant and goes towards developing the technical capabilities not only of our employees here at our site in Burnaston in the East Midlands but also of those within the wider consortium partners. This region is heavily committed to supporting zero emissions mobility and we see this project as a great opportunity to contribute to the critical path on the road to carbon zero mobility. This UK Government funding will enable teams within the consortium to acquire key skills that can then be used going forward to investigate other fuel cell applications.” stated Richard Kenworthy, Managing Director, Toyota Motor Manufacturing (UK) Ltd.

Within the scope of the bid, small scale production of initial prototype vehicles will be manufactured at the TMUK site in Burnaston throughout 2023. Then based on the outcome, this could result in small series production at the plant. This project represents an exciting opportunity to investigate an additional application of Toyota’s fuel cell technology in a vehicle segment that is key to a number of industry groups and will help support the sector’s move towards decarbonisation.

Empower
Hydrogen in Birmingham and West Midlands

 
1. We need hydrogen vehicles
2. We need hydrogen shipped in
3. We need cooperation with  Council   and companies and citizens


ANY IDEAS

 

This is an E hydrogen truck that could clean up Birmingham air by replacing the 100,000 combustion vehicles that enter the city each day

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